Hedge funds and other money managers purchased the equivalent of 40 million barrels in the six most important petroleum futures and options contracts in the week to May 4.
Portfolio managers have bought 102 million barrels over the last four weeks, reversing sales of 113 million barrels between the middle of March and early April.
In the latest week, there were purchases across the complex, led by NYMEX and ICE WTI (+14 million barrels) and Brent (+11 million) but also European gasoil (+7 million), U.S. gasoline (+6 million) and U.S. diesel (+1 million).
Long positions outnumber shorts by a ratio of nearly 6:1, almost back to the previous peak in mid-February, and in the 80th percentile for all weeks since the start of 2013, implying a broad consensus that prices are headed even higher.
The rate of hedge fund buying is accelerating and widening to include both crude and refined fuels, consistent with growing confidence about an economic recovery and cyclical upturn in petroleum consumption.
Rising coronavirus infections in India and a delayed resumption in passenger aviation are no longer deterring oil bulls, with buyers anticipating consumption will nonetheless increase later in the year.
In recent weeks, the number of rigs drilling for oil in the United States has also flattened out, implying a slower increase in shale production over the second half of the year, helping support prices at a higher level.